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mnie in TOT NS Sale Na ¥ANUART, 1800.

AS eh ee ne Re DE EE


‘TR Plate in front of the Mag-

azine, reprefents the military review of the militia of Botton, on the birth-day of the Prefident, (the 30th of Odtober laft) the Common, the new State-houfe, Beacon-hill, and the monument upon it to the right, in the back ground, the late Governor Han- cock’s and the other feats to the left between the State Houfe and Charles River, as viewed from the Mall.

The legionary Brigade was commanded by Brigad‘er Gene- fal Winflow ; the line from right te left, compofed of Capt. Amo- ry’s troop of horfe, Independent Fufiliers, commanded by Capt. Brazer, fublegion of Artillery (confifting of two companies, commanded by Capt: Gardner

and Johonnot) two fublegions of Infantry ; the firft command- ed by Major Ruifell, compoied of five companies, commanded by Capt. Harris, Capt. Siut/on, Capt. Hatch, Lieut. Davis, and Enfign Badger ; the fecond, command- ed by Major Yohnfon, compofed of four companies, command- ed by Captains Floyd, Wiliams, Stutfon, and Mefinger,—the Bof- ton Light Infantry, commanded by Capt. Sargent, on the left of the whole.

Next to the univerfal joy which pervaded all ranks, on the natal day of the political Father of our country, was the fatisfaction, that arofe in the {pectator’s mind, from viewing the general unifor- mity, martial appearance, anc


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corre&t difcipline of the troops on this occafion. | This fatisfaction was greatly heightened, by reflecting that, within two years, from mere Ci- izens, undifciplined and unequip- ped,.was almoft entirely formed this fine legion of Soldiers, efpe- cially the independent companies of Lighty Infantry and Cavalry. To the inhabitants of Bafton, within whofe recollection, this peninfula had been the firft {cene of invafion, and had experienced all the aggreflions of an infulting foe in the beginning of our f{trug- gle for freedom and indepen- dence, it naturally afforded the moft grateful and ennobled fenfa-

tions, to fee paraded om the fame foil, of its own citizen-fol- diers, a corps fo refpeétable in number, difcipline, and appear- ance, and fo prompt, as their zeal already evinces them to be, to defend the rights they inherit by the valour of their fathers. The military fpirit, which has of late prevailed through the country in general, and particu- larly in Bofton, and increafed

with our danger, may juftly be *

confidered as our beft fecurity, under the * God of Armies,’” and as a fair trdit in the charac- ter of republicag Americans, which ought to be noticed with pleafure and pride.


A foul in commerce with her God, is heaven ; Feels not the tumults and the thocks of life, ‘he whirls of paflion, and the ftrokes of heart. Each-branch of piety delight infpires ;—

Praife, the fweet exhalation of our joy,

That joy exalts, and makes it {weeter ftill ; Pray’r ardent opens heav’n, lets down a ftream Of glory on the confecrated hour

Of man, in audience with the Deity.

"Tue pious. Dr. Law obferves, that Devotion may be confidered either as an exercife of public or private prayer at fet times and occafions, or as a temper of the mind, a ftate and difpofition of the heart, which is rightly affect- ed with fuch exercifes. Jurieu defines it to be a foftening and yielding of the heart, with an in- ternal confolation, which the fouls of the faithful feel in the practice or exercife of ptety. By Devotion is aifo underftood cer- tain religious practices, which a


perfon makes it a rule to dif- charge regularly ; and with rea- fon, if the exacinefs be founded on folid piety. In its importance to religious life, all writers, who have handled the fubjeé, concur, and their fentiments will be found combined, though in epitome, in the following refleétions.

The chara¢ter of devotion has frequently fuffered from the forbidding air, which has been thrown over it, by the morofe- nefs of bigotry on one hand, or the gloom of fuperftition on the


Odie eee Rese 5 ataen

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ich has th the yarticu- creafed uftly be ecurity, rmies,” charac- ericans, ed with


le to dif- with rea- e founded mportance iters, who &, concur, ii be found pitome, in ns. evotion has from the 1 has been he morofe- ne hand, or tion on the other.

FOR JANUARY, 1800. 9

other. When freer and more cheerful minds have not had oc- calion to fee it accompanied with thofe feelings of delight and be- nevolence which naturally attend it, they are apt to be prejudiced againft piety at large, by miftak- ing this uagracious appearance for its genuine form. Nor has the rant of vulgar enthufiafts con- tributed a little to beget or {trengthen the fame averfion, in perfous of a cool and fpeculative temper ; who have happened to mect with fuch images and phra- {es among religionifts of a certain {train, as ill fuit the rational, pure, and {piritua] nature of true devo- tion. It may likewife be remark- ed on the other fide, that people of talte and fenfibility have not fel- dom been difgufted with the in- Gpid ftyle too often employed on fuch fubjects, by thofe who pof- fefs neither, or who purpofely avoid every thing of that kind, from an aim at fimplicity mifun- derftood, or perhaps from a fear of being thought too warm, in an age of fafhionable indifference, and falfe refinement.

Wherever the vital and una- dulterated fpirit of Chriftian de- votion prevails, its immediate object will be to pleafe Him, whom we were made to pleafe, by adoring his perfections ; by admiring his works and ways ; by entertaining with reverence and complacence the various in-

‘timations of his pleafure, efpecial-

ly thofe contained in holy writ; by acknowledging our abfolute dependence, “and infinite obliga- tions ; by confefling and lament- ing the diforders of our nature, and the tranfgreflions of our lives; by imploring his grace and mercy



through the Saviour of mankind ; by interceding for our fellow- creatures ; by praying tor the pro- pagation and embellifhment of truth, righteoufnefs, and peace on earth ; in fine, bv longing for a more entire conformity to the will ot God, and breathing atter the everlafting enjoyment of his friendfhip. The effects of fuch a {pirit habitually cherifhed, and feelingly exprefled before. him, with conceptions more or lefs en- larged and elevated, in language more or lefs emphatic and accu- rate, fententious, or diffufe, mutt furely be important and happy. Among thefe effects, may be reckoned a profound humility in the fight of God, a high venera- tion for his prefence and attri- butes, an ardent zeal for his wor- fhip and honour, an affectionate faith in the Saviour of the world, a con{tant imitation of his divine example, a diffulive charity for men of all denominations, a gen- erous atid ynwearied felf-denial for the fake of virtue and fociciy, a total refignation to Providence, an increafing efteem for the gof- pel, with clearer and firmer hopes of that immortal life which it has brought to light. It is of the laft importance to feafon the paflions of a child with devotion, which feldom dies in a mind that has received an early tinéture of it. Though it may feem extin- guifhed for a while by the cares of the world, the heats of youth, or the allurements of vice, it generally breaks out and difcovers itfelf again as.foon as difcretion, confideration, age, or misfortunes have brought the man to himfelf. The fire may be covered and overlaid, but cannet be entirely quenched

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quenched and fmothered. A itate of temperance, fobriety and jultice without devotion, is a cold, lifelefs, infipid condition of vir- tue ; and: is rather to be flyled philofophy than religion. Devo- tion opens the mind to great con- ceptions, and fills it with more {ublime ideas than any that are to be met with in the moft exalt- ed icience ; and at the fame time warms and agitates the foul more than fenfual pleafure. It has been obferved by fome writers, that man is more diftinguifhed from the: animal world. by devo- tion: thaa by. reafon, fince fevetal. brute creatures difcover in their actions fomething like a faint glimmering of reafon,. though. they betray in. no fingle cir- cumftance of their behaviour, any thing that bears the leaft af- finity to devotion. the propentity of the mind to re- ligious worlhip, the natural ten- dency of the foul to fly to fome fuperior being for fuccour in dan- gers and: diltrefles, the gratitude to an. inwifible fuperintendant,

which rifes in us upon receiving,

any extraordinary and unexpedct- ed good fatune, the acts of love and admiration, with which the thoughts ef men are fo wonder- fully tranfported in. meditating upon divine perfedtions, and the

univerfal concurrence of all the nations under heaven.in.the great

_article of adoration, plainly thew

that devotion or religious wor- {hip, mult be the effect of a tra- dition, from. fome firft founder of mankind, or that it is conform- able to-the natural light of rea- fon, or that it proceeds from an inftin& implanted in the foul it- felf, Perhaps all thele may be


It is certains.

nee TT. awe A ERROR gas PRE a ae ees aes Sh ‘ash eas :

concurrent caufes; but which ever of them fhall be afligned as the principle of divine wortfhip, it manifeftly points to the Su- preme Being as the firft author of it. ‘The devotional tafte, like all other taftes, has had the hard fate to be condemned as a

weaknefs by all who are ftran-.

gers to its joys and influences. Too much and too frequent oc- cafion has been given, to turn this fubject. into ridicule. A heated and devout imagination, when not under the direction of a very found: underitanding, is apt to run very wild, and is at the fame time impatient to pub- lith ail its follies to the world. The feelings of a devout heart fhould be mentioned with great referve and: delicacy, as they de- pend. upon. private experience, and certain: circumftances of mind and fituation, which the world can neither know nor jdge of. But devotional writ- ings, executed with judgment and tafte, are not only highly ufeful, but to all, who have a true fenfe of religion, peculiarly engaging. The devotional fpir- it, united to good fenfe, and a cheerful temper, gives that ftea- dinefs to virtue, which it always wants when produced and fup-. ported by good natural difpofi- tions only. It corrects and hu- manizesthofe confhitutional vices, which it is not able entirely to fubdue ; and: though it too often fails to render men perfectly vir- tnous, it. preferves them from be- coming utterly abandoned. It has, befides, the moft favourable influence on all the paflive vir- tues ; it gives a foftuels and fen- fibility to the heart, and a mild-


ne{s al ners } univer manki {tation There melan attend too at and di yvotion foothe to ind which difcor fulned. humat of he: keen | intere no ids xt as

mind. great

ing ;

acqua teach found pende thouf may « for fo thefe. the g {pirits thofe ent, enjoy fore 7 perm



ean \ were

nefs and gentlenefs to the man- ners ; but above all, it produces univerfal charity? and love to mankind, however different in {tation, country, or religion. There isa fublime, yet tender melancholy, almeft the univerfal attendant on genius, which 1s too apt to degenerate intc gloom and difguft with the world. De- votion is admirably calculated to foothe the mind, while it feems to indulge it, te thofe profpects which calm every murmur of difcontent, and diffufe a cheer- fulnefs over the darkeft hours of human life.—Perfons in the pride of health and fpirits, who are keen in the purfuits of pleafure, intereft or ambition, have either no ideas on this fubject, or treat it as the enthufiafm of a weak mind. But this really thews great narrownefs of underftand- ing; a very little reflection and acquaintance with nature might teach them, on how precarious @ foundation their boafted inde- pendence on religion is built, the thoufand namelefs accidents that may deftroy it ; and that though for fome years they fhould efcape thefe, yet that time muft impair the greateft vigour of health and {pirits, and deprive them of all thofe objects for which, at pref- ent, they think life only worth enjoying. It fhould feem there- fore very neceflary to fecure fome permanent object, fome real fup-


1800. ii

port to the mind, to cheer the foul, when ail others fhall have loft their influence. The great- eft inconvenience, indeed, that attends devotion, is its taking hold of the affections, as fome- times threatens the extinguifhing of every other attire principle of the mind. For when the devo- tional fpirit falls in with a mel- ancholy temper, it is too apt to deprels the mind entirely, to fink it to the weakeft fuperfti- tion, and to produce a total re- tirement and abftraction from the world, and all the duties of life. We cannot conclude this article without adding the remark of a popular author, which may rec- oncile peefons of a certain tafte to devotion. We are obliged, fays he, to devotion, for the no- bleft buildings that have adorn- ed the feveral countries of the world.

Tt is this which has fet men at work on temples, and places of public worfhip, not only that they might for the magnificence of the building, invite the Deity to refide within it, but that fuch ftupendous works might, at the fame time, open the mind to the vaft conceptions, and fit it to con- verfe with the divinity of the place. Tor every thing that is majeftic, imprints an awfulnefs and reverence on the mind of the beholder, and {trikes in with the natural greatnefs of the foul.


In the time of the late Ameri- can war, as a party of foldiers were trayerfing a foreft in the in-

terior part of Virginia, they dif- covered a cave of fingular ap- pearance, which attracted sheir : attention.


3 hide ,



attention. It bore the afpec&t of

a regular improvement of art up- on the almoit perfections of na- ture. It was a little hillock in the fide of a {mali rocky moun- tain; a compact, but beautiful green fpread itfelf around the cave, interfperfed with various kinds of fruit trees ; and a {mall but well cultivated garden ap- peared in the midft, wherein arofe a ipring of excellent water : in a folitary corner of the plain a weeping willow hung its inverted branches, and mourned to the fighing winds. The entrance to the cave was obftructed by the twifting wild briar, interweaving its vines with the boughs of a thorn tree; under this was a {mall aperture, through which a man might enter by bending to the ground.

Smitten with fo romantic a {cene, far in the wildernefs, the

foldiers determined to enter and

infpect the cave; the mouth thereof they found barricadoed with {tones and pillars of wood ; thefe were removed, and they en- tered the firft part of the cavern, It was a grotto ftored with fruit and roots, with a few rough an- tiguated implements of hufbandry and materials for cooking : they followed a winding dark alley that led toa kind of dcor, which opened into a {mall roem that appeared as if it was hewn aut of a folid white rock, illuminated by feverai loop-holes cut through the fame, In one corner of this cavern fat the venerable figure of a man, on a ftool, poring over 2 book of, to them, unintelligible characters ; a fort of table flood befide him, and a couch with a mat of flags covered with leaves ;

a garment of fable crape fhrouded his withered limbs: his white locks hung over his fhoulders,and his frlvery beard fell down upon his breaft. At the fight of the ftrangers he ftarted fuddenly from his reverie, and addrefled them in an unknown language; they {ftared at each other, fos fome feconds, with much furprife ; the Hermit then f{pake to them haftily, in broken Englifh, «Who

are you? Whyam I interrupted z. What do you want?” The of-

ficer of the party anfwered, ‘¢ Father, we come not to do you harm; chance has difcover- ed to us your retreat 5. and curi- ofity led us into your dwelling ; If we have tranfgrefled we beg your pardon, and will retire it our prefence is cifagreeable or in- convenient ; but before we de- part I beg ‘the favour to offer you any afliftence you defire, which is in our power to grant, ‘‘T want nothing,” replied the Hermit, and immediately fat down and refumed his ftudies ; nor could they prevail on him to utter another word ; convinced that their company gave him un- eafinefs, they withdrew, and the Hermit clofed the doors after them.

On their return to camp, they put up at a village upon the “aie ders of the foreft, about ten m‘les from the hermitage, where they related their adventures ; the people informed them that they had known this Hermit for feveral years, but how or when he came there, or where he came from, no one could tell; they ef{teemed him asa kind of proph- et ; he had foretold many events which took place in the time


of th before freque which and fhewed his be ed the comme once a and at to ming gular a an impr officer o mined t ed with purpofe cell, wi parts, | him to or mak Several


whofe Javed b tern O. ly calle the def ir the mango fixed | hour h of hear ed on! {pot. taught


nature tions ¢ ed to |

PO be ca

of the American war, long before they happened ; they had frequently offered him afliftance, which was commonly refufed, and when accepted he never thewed any. figns of gratitude to his benefactors ; nor even thank- ed them for their favours : he had commonly made it his practice once a year to vilit the fea-port, and atno other time was known to mingle with fociety. So fin- gular a character wrought fuch an impreflion on the mind of the officer of the party, that he deter- mined to become more acquaint- ed with the Hermit, and for this purpofe, frequently vilited his cell, while he remained in thofe parts, but could never induce him to converfe on any fubjedt, or make any further difcoveries. Several years afterwards, as this


On one of thofe happy iflands whofe ever-verdant fhores are Javed by the billows of the Wef- tern Ocean; where nations, falfe- ly called civilized, never carried the defolating fword of conquett ; im the bofom of a thick grove of mangoes, the generous Orra had fixed his habitation. From the hour his eyes fir{t beheld the light of heaven, he had been accuftom- ed only to the fame delightful fpot. From infancy he had been taught day by day to travel the

i fands, and fupply the wants of

nature from the finny produc- tions of the deep. Unaccuftom-

f 7) ed to the toils of cultivation, or

we cares of traffic, he {pent the


1 8ee. 13 ' :

officer was journeying near the place, he heard that the Hermit was dead ; curiofity led him to the cell, when, in aniche of the rock, he difcovered a {mall box, con- tuining a bundle of manufcript papers, written in the German language ; he brought them home with him and procured a fri¢nd to tranflate them; they were principally copies of letters, from the Hermit to his friend in Ger- many, by which it was difcover- ed that he was a German by birth, and on account of fome youthful misfortunes he had chofen his prefent retreat.

An obliging correfpondent has promifed to favour the Editor of the Columbian Phenix with thefe papers, which will be regularly prefented to the public.

~~ ==OSG C/G QoS


{From a late European Publication.]

morning of his days.in a regular fuccefion of innocent amufe- ments. As he fat on the rock, he warbled in untaught numbers, while his eyes wandered over the extenfive ocean, and marked the progrefs of the diftant fails im- mergic. difappearing, or taking differe~: direétions. He looked on thefe as the ordinary produc- tions of nature, though ignorarit of their properties or thei utili- ty ; nor deemed them other than what they feemed—raft ob- objects floating on the unftable billows, without caufe or with- out effec. He obferved the mighty orb of day rife in all its mejetty, and defcend in all its magnificence,

Ae i a

oritiepe a


br oie ees ‘oy SSepmren. 3


magnificence, unconf{cious of its warming other climes, or fructi- fying a different foil; nor did he dream of other lands, or another race of beings ; but imagined that all creation was comprifed within the narrow circle of his vyilible horizon.

In the prime of life, when the hearts of men are contaminated with juvenile vices, Love was the only paflion which could dif- turb the ferenity of his foul. Lhe amiable Yarro was the ob- sect of his tender defires. He firtt met herin a walk of bam- boos, on the purple banks of a fine river, when her fable beau- ties kindled in his bofom the flame which could only be extin- guifhed with his exiftence. A itranger to artifice and diflimula- tion, he wooed her with the irre- fiftible eloquence of nature ; fhe heard his honeft, fimple tale, and yielded her hand without reluc- tance or diftruft. Their hovel was fheltered by the leaves of the branching palm; between two trees was fufpended their ham- mock of hemp, and their kitchen furniture confifted of a variety of calabafhes, curioufly carved with a fharp flint by his own hand, and ,arranged on their rutftic fhelves m the moit regular order.

Many years of domeftic felic- ity paffed away, without a fin- gle misfortune to ruffle their re- pofe. While Orra, with his net on his fhoulder, fought the fhore, in order to fecure the next meal’s fupply, Yarro dug a hole in the fands, kindled the flames to roaft the fifh caught the preced- ing evening, and ferved them up on the leaves of the banana, again{t his return. While they

wandered in the enchanting meadows on the borders of the logwood foreft, or amidft the labyrinths of citrons or fugar- canes, every eye beheld them with pleafure, and every tongue pronounced them happy. But what mortal ever drew the lot of perfect happinefs? Some in- tervenient cloud will overcaft the brighteft day ! |

One morning Orra_ beheld with altonifhment a large fhip ap- proach nearer the fhore than he had ever yet feen one approach. A boat, filled with men, foon reached the ifland: he viewed them with attentlon—he exer- ciled his reafon—he compared them with himfelf ; and, on making proper allowances for drefs and colour, was convinced they were beings of a like fpe- cies with himfelf. He felt him- felf interefted in their wants, which by figns they made known to him. For the three preced- ing days they had fuffered all the horrors of thirft; he com- miferated their fufferings, led them to the pureft fpring, and afi{ted them in filling their cafks, and rolling them down to their boat. He then conducted them to his hut, and introduced them to his Yarro, who laid before them every delicacy in her pow- er to procure.

At the fhut of evening they returned to their fhip; and for feveral mornings Orra ran to the beach to congratulate them on their arrival, and fhew them fréfh inftances of difinterefted kind- nefs. One morning he waited for them in vain: the fun had gained its meridian height, and no boat appeared ;_ penfive he re-


turned wanted every ut nicelt o Yarro wv himfelf

calling ¢ him his grief, ft: woods,

they ha

_faw her,

‘“< {truge you ent yonder their lor to fea br to her r thook h difcomp red, he pain; h lity, and erous ¢ longer ¢ the Zon of his pr im the | caHed but whe grief fui gloomy defpair. Sever morning dimmec over th he beh furt am: CfSe 2! fwelling ight of as his |; he for | enmity fouls a thought the wo


turned to his hut ; but alas! it wanted its brighteft ornament! every utenfil was placed in the nice(t order ; but his beloved Yarro was not there * He threw himfelf on the earth in agony, calling on the Zombies to reftore him his love ; then frantic with gtief, ftarted up and ran into the woods, inquiring of all he met it they had feen his Yarro? I -_faw her,” faid one of the natives, ‘‘ jtrugeling with the new beings you entertained, at the mouth of yonder creek, who took her on their long raft, and paddled out to fea before any one could come to her relief.”? A fudden palfy thook his nerves, his face was difcompofed, his eyes rolled fiery red, he drew his breath with pain; he curfed his owa credu- lity, and the perfidy of his ungen- erous guefts, who, he now no longer doubted (more cruel than the Zombies 1; were the authors of his prefent misfortune ; whom, im the bitternefs of his foul, he called favages and barbazians !— but when the fterm of rage and grief fubfided, he remained the gloomy victim of cool and fetthed defpair.

Seven days elapfed, and on the

morning of the eighth, as his-eyes,.

dimmed with erief, wandered over the valt «xpanfe of waters, he beheld a boat urged by the furf among the rocks and break- ers) His befom at firlt was fwelling with indignation at the inght ef beings of the fame hind as his late uagrateful guefts, and he for a moment vowed. eternal enmity to all their race! Their fouls are flrangers to pity,” thought he ;

the woes of others; therefere

‘“‘ they feel not for

180d. rg let theln periuh, and their crimes be upon their heads!” But when* they made fignals of diftrefs, his generous natuce meleed into com- pation —*« I have not another Yarro. now to Jefe,’” recoliccted he ; my own exiftence is not worth preferving—but fhall I fee my tellow-creatures perifh, and: net extend a hand to fave them ? No ! if they are ignorant and angrateful, I will teach them, by’ my example, to be generous and merciful !”? With this he affem- bled his friends, who joined to aid the crew, and drew their boat up in a place of fafety.

Amid} tltis fcene of terror and contufion,a female of his owm complexion, with uplifted hands. implored afliftance. Orra rufhed forward, and enjoyed the fa- preme felicity to-fnatch from: the jaws of fate his deareft, sis beft beloved Yarro! All the mingled paflions.overwhelmed their fouls ;. clafped’ in each otSer’s arms, they were unable to exprefs thir tran{ports, but by mutuai S'ence and mutual tears!) Kapture now gave way to curiofity, and from the lips of Yarro he was now in- formed that his former pertidious gucks had watched an oppor- tunity, and put in the back of the ifland, while Orra was Waiting their arrival on the appoiite ihore > they reached his hut in his. ab- fence ; forcedyaway the ftrug- gling victim, and conveyed her fafe on board their fhip.

On the fecond day a ftorns arofe ; the veffel {truck ona rock, and every foul, fave Yarro and another, perifhed. Thefe were picked up by the boat of another hip; in a few days after, this yelle] was likewife diltrefled for frefh


—— en,


froth water; and at the perfua-

oo, or etx who offered to direct them, they fent off their bout to her native land J in queit of that pea article, while fhe

‘at the fime time feeret ly indul-

ped the plealing | hope of again emecing her efcape to the mourn- lug Tre ad of her bofom.

Such, and fo mytterious, are the difpenfations of Providence. Thas thall virtue and humanity be their own reward, in the act of rendering good for evil; and


. . * a it . ak vice and ingratitude fiali meet tik ms si aang even 10 the ac- conpitthment of their moft fan-

= hime wifhes ! Nor let the fons

of poliihed fociety pnde them- felyes on their furerior endow- meats, and affectation of refined feclings, but learn that domettic tendernefs and univerfal philan- thropy may be the growth of every clime, unaflifted by the pomp of philolophy, or the ped- uniry of education.




Ty the fugitive productions of a leifure hour will be of any éer- vice to your Magazine, you are welcome to make ufe of the fol-

Jowing. duétions of

Perhaps you may be troubled hereafter with the pro-


* Some prejudices are ornamental and ufeful.’’

Tear TIALiry is a no- bie attribute in the Deity, and in a certain degree ornameatal to man. He who can, on eve- ry occation, be really impartial, may command our elteem ; he has no title to our warmer ai- fections. He has nothing to do in the {phere of focial life, and can experience none of its charms.

We fometimes ridicule the blind, exceflive partiality of the parent for the child, and the lov- er for his miftrefs ; Ling without this amiable weaknefs, we might fook through the worid in vain fora fmile. Rigid impartiality is but another name for apathy ; hypocritical is ftill worfe.

Some prejudices, if not rank-

ed among the virtues, fhoot up and flourifh with them in the fame happy foil. Were every man to choofe his bride upon the cold calculations of an.old bach- elor, the human race would be- come a univerfal fe& of ftoics, and celibacy the order of the day.

Could the mother view her children with the fame eye of indifference that the. churlith pedagogue does his pupils, the face of her infant would be a

difguiting fight, and the trouble of rearing it an infupportable burthen,

If there were no fuch thing as family pride and family prej- udice, parental authority would foon decay, and moft houfes be-


come a

tion. Were ment to ¢ love of ¢ of every ing a vita weeld. hi intoxicate the indivi whole, tt ftruction « In poli and mora have fome on which ty, and t recur. wit fubjects, I to the de happinefs ty, thant They we oretic fy! cal duty. province them ou guidance generally But th er reflec furnifhed opinions



tude 51° 5’ ae ae into the ocean. an Euro} body ab


come a fcene of domeftic fac- tion.

Were it not for that attach- ment to our own foil, called the love of country, the patriotifm of every man, inftead of remain- ing a vital principle in the heart, would, like that of the French, intoxicate the brain, and quit the individual, to grafp at the whole, till it ended in the de- ftruction of the human race.

In politics, as well as religion and morality, the mind fhould have fome eftablifhed principles, on which it may ref with fafe- ty, and to which it may always recur. with pleafure. On thefe {ubjeéts, nothing can tend more to the deftruction of individual happinefs, or the injury of focie- ty, than too refined f{peculations. They were not defigned for the- oretic fyitems, but for practi- cal duty. They belong to the province of feeling ; and upon them our feelings, under the guidance of fober reflection, will generally reafon right.

But there are many, ‘ho wev- er reflect. Such had better be furnifhed with the fecond-hand opinions of others, than to be

1800. 17

forever fluctuating between their own half-finifhed ones, and none at all. |

What is fuperftition ? Was it ever that haggard, voracious montter, defcribed by the tinfel eloquence of modern reformers ? It is not only compatible with religion ; it is the firm cham- pion that ftands at the door of her temple, while the lefs potent weapons of reafon are too often employed in mutual conteit, by the comparative few who are well-informed ; and fometimes deal a deadly wound, by an im- prudent effort in a needlefs de- fence.

Superftition is the fame to pure religion that patriotifm is to enlarged philanthropy. They are the grades towards perfection to which all may arrive, but which the law of our nature per- mits but fewto pafs ; where the mafs of mankind may repofe their morals, peace, and happi- pnefs with fafety ; but if they puth their rafh career beyond, in queft of an ideal millennium, however alluring the profpeét, the experi- ment will end in certain ruin.






[From a late London Publication, }

Lonvon is fituated in lati- tude 51° 31’ north, longitude 5’ 37” weft from Greenwich, 16’ 23” eaft of the opening into the Mediterranean from the ocean. The town is large for an European town, being in a body about five miles in length,


and three in breadth, befide 2 number of rows of houfes lining each fide of the roads going out from it. The greateft part of the town is fituated on the north fide of a river called the Thames. “Vhe ground on which this part ftands, is a hill, which



ing :


vifes with a quick afcent from the bank of the river, and then gradually, although unequally, to the northweit, dhich 3 is the moft elevated part. ‘Ihe river on the fouth fide is confined by an ar- tificial bank, the ground on that fide being flat; but the water does not ftagnate in fuch of the

. ditches as are fuffered to have

the tide flow through them ; wherever that is admitted it fcours them clean, and carvies off much filth ;