‘Managua: Population 401,700’, the board reads. It is strange to pass it after the heated or perplexed statis- tical arguments one has heard in the surrounding regions. Local estimates of the numbers of dead range from ten to twenty thousand, and so many bodies are buried in the ruins that no-one will ever reach anything like and exact figure. In a cafe in Masaya we meet a young man who is travel- ling from one refugee centre to ano- ther, searching for his parents, his fiancée and her family. He knows that their homes were totally destroyed, and has received no response to the numerous radio messages he has sent out in an attempt to trace them, but he struggles to keep up hope, and is leaving for Granada, another princi- pal refugee centre, in the morning. Accurate estimates of the number of destitute refugees are equally hard to come by. Relief agencies are feed- ing and preparing to shelter 3-,000 ‘genuine refugees’, but the numbers climb daily, and it seems fairly certain that people in the surrounding areas who were already living in conditions worse than those of the worst refugee camp are abandoning their homes in the hope of faring better among the damnificados.

Deserted ruin

At all events, ‘Managua: Population 401,700’, the one really important commercial centre of a desperately poor country, is now a deserted ruin. Passing the guards at the barbed- wire fence by virtue of the magical red cross on the front of our jeep, we find ourselves among houses that lean drunkenly or have fallen into heaps of rubble. We wonder whatwas the fate of the people in that house there, where, the entire lower storey was swept out and the roof gable now rests on the ground: we are told only too clearly what happened tothe nuns in the convent across the road, where the concrete roof caved in on the building, and to the prisoners in the collapsed jail, who were kept in their cells at gun-point after the first shock of the earthquake, and died

will be desperate

Dr. Joanne Zucherman, Chairman of Loyola’s English Department, made a mercy trip to Nicaragua. She reports on the destroyed city and its people.

without exception in the second. Cats scuttle away through the rubble at the already unfamiliar sound of human footsteps, and in the main square the clock on the front of the cathedral, one of the few possibly salvagable buildings in the city, has stopped dead at 12.35.

Deathly stories

Everyone has a story of la noche del terremototo relate. A relief worker in the camp where we are staying talks about a friend of hers, a doctor, who had a woman open on the opera- ting table when the lights went out and the ceiling began to crumble. A refugee stops work on the wooden shack he is building to introduce his six children and explain how he res- cued them from the ruins of his house. The baby’s crib was smashed to

The cathedral, one of the few possibly salvagable buildings.

Destroyed buildings like this line every block.


If you are able togive money for relief in Nicaragua, send your donation to Oxfam Canada, 169 St. Paul E., Montreal 127 or to Dr. Zucherman.

JANUARY 23, 1973


match-wood, and she was so hidden by the rubble that for some time he could not find her, but somehow he got her out alive andunharmed. Only hours later could he concentrate on his own condition enough to realise that several of his ribs were crushed and a nail was driven right through the centre of his foot.

Desperate plight

And yet these things, the ruins, the stories, even the death-toll, are the least immediately important aspects uf the situation. What really matters is the plight of the refugees, few of whom canhopetoreturnto permanent housing or employment in the next year. And beyond that lies the plight of the whole country, always desperately poor, subjected in the last year to two hurricanes, two volcanic eruptions, a drought that wrecked much of the harvest, and an interna- tional trade situation that totally pre- cluded the export of the coffee crop, and now robbed of its main commer- cial centre and flooded with destitute people. The morale of the people is incredibly high. Refugees look up from the improvised stoves on which they are cooking their tiny ra- tions of rice and beans to point out their children, share a joke or show off a rescued pet, and their gentle- ness and gaiety are so natural that one does not pause until afterwards to marvel at their spirit. But contribu- tions are urgently needed, to sponsor basic health and nutritional programs in the refugee camps, as well as long-term rehabilitation projects, and if they stop coming in as soon as the earthquake and its immediate after- math have ceased tohave spectacular news value, the situation will be des- perate.


Mother: pointing the

Margaret Andersen began hercar- eer asadutiful academic: the daughter of a university rector, she went on to puruse literary studies in a world still dominated by men and more importantly, by male thought patterns. She wrote her M.A. and Ph.D. theses respectively on what she terms ‘'such literary (male) giants as Proust and Claudel’’ and scorned female writers such as Colette, who seemed “facile and therefore popular’’, Somewhere along the way she realised what she had done to herself and what she might in turn do to others, and sought to discover for herself another notion of what her relationship to literature might be. And she set up a course on “Women in Modern Society,” of- fered at Loyola last year.

She has now published a paper- back volume, Mother was notaperson (women were not legally “persons” in Canada until 1929), based on her experiences in that course and purporting to be an “anthology of writings by Montreal women’. As much as | admire what has gone

Mazumdar returns with new production

Maxim Mazumdar, leading light in student theatre at Loyola during the first three years of the 1970's, will be back on campus this month with a selection of play excerpts he has been performing in Montreal livingrooms with Loyola English lec- turer Janet Hickey.

The pair will appear for two nights Friday, January 26 and Saturday, January 27 in the Vanier Auditorium under the sponsorship of the English Department.

Their production The Smallest Unit is a Pair has been rated highly by those who have seen it in private homes; the Loyola appearance is its public debut. Dealing with aspects

Moxim Mazumdar in The Smallest Unit

of love and marriage through the ages it is a collection of excerpts from Shakespeare, restoration comedy and 20th century plays.

It is the second such production Maxim Mazumdar and Janet Hickey have put together under the director- ship of Jordan Deichter since last fall when the team began their “salon theatre’. They entered the first, By Your Leave, a collection of wooings, curses and dreams from Shakespeare, in the Quebec Drama Festival in No- vember, and Janet Hickey walked off with the Best Actress award for her role.

Reservations for the The Smallest Unit are advisable. They can be made by calling the English Department at Hingston Hall 231. Tickets are $2.00; performances start at 8:00 P.M. both nights.

into the creation of this book, and as much as | admire the apparent sin- cerity of many of the contributors, | must still admit to certain reserva- tions regarding its success. Dr. Ander- sen has tried to do too many difficult things, all of which suffer from the brevity and superficiality of their treatment. And yet | must still wel- come Mother was not a person as the opening of the debate and hopefully the opening of a few minds and con- sciousnesses.

The problem is, of course, that the anthology tries to give us a history of women’s rights in Montreal, aselec- tion of poetry on women by women, an argument on abortion and other legal forms of oppression, a study of sexual stereotypes, andareconsidera- tion of certain female authors. This is too much for what is, after all, a vol- ume produced hastily out of the enthusiasm of the moment. We need to know much more about all of these subjects, and perhaps Mother was not a person will have pointed the way for us.

It is not sufficient to point out that in children's readers mothers stay in

the kitchen— we have known that for several years now (we ought to have known it long before, of course, but ...); this is where we must start, not end. Because the really dangerous stereotypes are those we sfill do not see (and anyway those pumpkin-pie- baking mothers and grandmothers must seem hopelessly out of date even to the most unliberated of modern women, who buys her pies at Steinberg’s).

list of visiting

Montrealer Frank R. Scott, des- cribed as one of the most skilled and wittiest Canadian poets, will read his work at Loyola on Thursday, Feb- ruary |, at 8:00 p.m. in the Vanier Auditorium, as part of the continuing Loyola poetry reading series.

Scott, 74 year old former Dean of Law at McGill, has been active in Canadian poetry since 1925 when he became a founding editor of the Mc- Gill Fortnightly Review; however it was 1945 before he published the first of his seven books. He has also translated many works by French Canadian poets.

Scott also has a long history of involvement in Canadian politics (he was a founding member of the N.D.P.) and has won considerable battles in the Quebec courts. One such fight, a defence of the book Lady Chatterly’s Lover against an ob- scenity charge, caUsed Pierre Trudeau

Frank Scott joins poets


But let me stop cavilling and admit

that there are some fine moments.

The best are those Margaret Andersen is personally responsible for. Her fine intelligence and sensitive conscious- ness are constantly apparent, and we know that this work is a product of her suffering and learning. She will never be able to go back to Paul Claudel et |’Allemagne, Isuspect. That innocence is totally lost— and a good thing, for it is indicative of the kind of alienation produced in all of us by our unconscious acceptance of behav- iour patterns even in the things clos- est to us. Her retorts to phallic criti- cism, her sensitivity to sexist language, makes her adelight to read, even if she makes us rethink our most banal phrases (Is it sexist to speak of the “flowering of female literature?” In any case | can never read flower images the same way again). Her comment that women writers are known in France for their “lettres” and men for their correspondance” has set me thinking, even if | cannot yetbe certain that this holds in Eng- lish as well.

| found the section “Letters To. . .’ the best in the book, and was especial- ly struck by the poignancy and accura- cy of Edith Murphy's "Letter to Antoine de St. Exupery.” All learning requires loss, even of our own memories, and some of it is bound to be painful. Rarely have | felt this dilemma so forcefully presented and yet so forth- rightly resolved. But ! am sure that all readers will find their own favour- ites in this anthology, and perhaps women will respond to it in a way for different from mine.

Frank Scott

to dub him“ Lady Chatterly's Lawyer”.

His poetry reflects his life's involve- ments and attitudes. As Munro Beattie wrote of Scott in Literary History of Canada: “Wherever his eye has lighted upon an injustice or a folly he has struck hard. He has the knack of saying precisely enough and no more and with the most telling use of quotations, illustrative anecdote, and rhythmic mockery”.

Loyola students, faculty, staff and outsiders donated a total of 831 pints of blood at this year's annual blood drive. Although short by a few pints from last year’s 859 pints, the effort was rated as ‘quite satisfactory” by Jim Morgan, Chairman of the Commerce Students Association committee, which organized the drive. The Red Cross were even happier, for the total was above the 800 pints they had predicted. Our picture shows Loyola donors in the gym.

Freudian and Christian man

<a Fr. Louis Marie Regis

Fredian man and Christicn man will be the subject of a lecture at Loyola on Monday, January 28, by Father Louis-Marie Regis, Professor Emeritus atthe University of Montreal.

The distinguished French Canadian philosopher, who will speak in the F.C. Smith Auditorium at 8:00 P.M., is one of the founders of the Institute d'Etudes Medievales, Montreal, and is a former Dean and Chairman of the Philosophy Faculty at the Univer- sity of Montreal.

The distinguished French Canadian philosopher, who will speak in the F. C. Smith Auditorium at 8:00 P.M. is one of the founder of the Institut d'Etudes Medievales, Montreal, and is a former Dean and Chairman of the Philosophy Faculty at the Univer- sity of Montreal.

Father Regis is presently Vice -Rec- tor and professor at the Dominican Institute of Theology and Philosophy in Ottawa. He has been awarded the Order of Canada in recognition of his work.

In recentyears Father Regis, author of L’'Opinion selon Aristotle, L Ody- ssee de la Connaissance and Epistem- ology, has been preoccupied with questions raised by natural sciences that challenge the traditional concepts of man, soul, life and immortality. His Loyola lecture will deal with these interests and at the same time link with some of the concerns of mytho- logy expert Joseph Campbell who spoke here last October.

Christmas Basket Drive


Twenty-two underprivileged Mon- treal families received Christmas hampers this year thanks to the Loyola Christmas Basket Drive.

The student organizers’ all-outfund raising effort resulted in donations of almost $600.00 cash, plus food and clothing from Loyola students, faculty, staff, and residents in the area sur- rounding the college campus.

The underprivileged families, from all over Montreal, received a turkey for Christmas dinner, all the trimmings for the meal, canned and staple foods and clothing for the children.

Badminton players


If you play badminton the Athletics Department needs you Thursday night, January 25th. The event is Loy- ola’s Men's and Women's Intramural Badminton Tournament; anyone turn- ing up at the gymnasium at 8:00 P.M. on Thursday can enter.

Play will last until 11:00 P.M. and if you're one of the four men or wo- men left at the end you will represent Loyola at the Quebec Universities Athletics Association Championship at Laval University on Sunday, February


At home in The Workshop

Workshop equipment

A few years ago the word nun, to most people, was synonymous with a picture of an unworldly ‘habitted’ woman shielded from the harshness and vulgarity in the world. Times have changed and with them the image of the nun. The new sisterhood has broken with traditions and exposed itself to the realities of everyday life in an effort to serve ameaningful role in the society of the 70's.

Exemplifying the progressive nun of the 70's is Loyola's first female chaplain, Sister Clare O'Neill, C.N.D. (Congregation de Notre Dame). A straightforward woman, whose easy nature and enthusiasm have warmed many hearts since she arrived on campus last fall, she is one half of the new two person team directing the Campus Ministry house at 3550 Bel- more. Her fellow director is co-chap- lain Bob Gaudet and the third college chaplain is Father Charlie Pottie who came to Loyola in 1971.

On school days the Ministry House is filled with young people strumming guitars, cooking lunch for each other in the downstairs kitchen, studying in the dining room and perhaps dis- coursing onthe meaning of life. Should that particular subject become a dis- tressing one, Sister Clare or Father Bob will be hauled into the discussion.

The fact that a troubled student feels at ease asking a Catholic nun for advise on birth control orabortion speaks volumes on the understanding and intelligent sympathy for Sister

Brian McDonough in Workshop living/exhibiting room.

Loyola’s first woman chaplain enters a previously all-male domain

Clare. Said she of abortion, ‘I just want a chance to present other solu- tions to people. | don’t believe | can make anyone's final decision for them, but someone must combat the easy and glib statements of abortionists.”

Just as she doesn’t try to make deci- sions for pecple, she also doesn’t preach at them. Ina discussion about drugs an uneasy student may attempt to avoid her by saying, “Oh, you don't understand because you've never done it. You don't know what it’s like.” She'll reply, ‘‘No, | don’t know. So educate me; tell me.”’ She's not afraid to ask them questions or to learn from the answers. Their respect for her is a tangible thing for it can be seen and felt.

It was the student's easy acceptance of her that was Sister Clare's only shock at Loyola. ‘I just couldn't be- lieve how matter-of-factly | was ac- cepted,’ she mused. One girl sum- med it up bysaying, ‘it’s more natural now, more like a family.”

Being the firstand trying something new is becoming a familiar pattern for Sister Clare. Just this year she, together with seven other sisters of her order, moved out of their convent and into a three family home, already housing two other families, in Ville Lasalle. It's a house like any other in the area and the eight women rent the first floor and basement. “We all wanted to live more simply and move into a community dimension,” she explained. She's not talking about

The Workshop: coming into focus

It started quietly in October last year and has quickly grown into one of the more stimulating spots at Loy- ola. Yet it is virtually unknown to most of the student populace.

The place is The Workshop, an upper duplex at 7308 Sherbrooke West (just west of the Cloran Building), that is available to anyone interested in photography and silkscreening.

For Loyola students, faculty or staft members, alumni or local residents, The Workshop offers two fully equip- ped photography darkrooms and ex- hibiting space. Silkscreening printing facilities are due to be installed in the near future.

The Workshop was conceived as a place where an individual whatever his degree of involvement in the vis- val arts, might pursue his interestand at a minimum cost to himself, have access to the best possible equipment. The Workshop supplies most of the chemicals needed. The only items not provided are photographic paper and film developer: these are left up to the photographer’s personal pre- ference.

Some people regard photography as a full-time preoccupation, while others approach itas a leisurely pas- time; The Workshop tries to accomo- date the different approaches by pro- viding efficient working conditions.

doing social work whenshe talks about community, but rather she means liv- ing as the ordinary citizen lives.

Their lives in their new home differ from those they led in the convent. Here they share decision making and democratically choose a superior for their little group. The heirarchy and discipline of the convent are missing, so the sisters must discipline them- selves. While there is no immutable daily religious routine, the liturgy is important to all of them and they have services in their home about three times a week. The rest of the time they go to Mass separately, as it best fits their schedules. Sister Clare often goes to twelve o'clock Mass on the Loyola campus.

This desire tolive among the people is the same spirit the founding mem- ber of Sister Clare's order possessed.

Story and photos by Brian McDonough, Workshop Supervisor

Sister Clare with Chaplain Charlie Pottie.

There is opportunity for viewing each other’s work, discussion, and general exchange of points of view. In this way, the hobby photographers and the “semi-professional’’ have something to offer each other.

Perhaps it is precisely this kind of human contact and stimulation which is the most rewarding aspect of The Workshop. The place seems to have taken on the character of those who regularly work there. It is above all a working area but one that tries to maintain a human face. On Friday nights, the workers prepare a spag- hetti banquet for themselves, quench- ing their thirst with beer.

Major credit for The Workshop goes to Charles Gagnon, Loyola's Artist-in- Residence, who persuaded the college to finance a studio where students would be free to experiment with the visual arts. Although sponsored by Loyola, The Workshop is not affiliated with an academic department.

The Workshop is openon Mondays, 2:00 P.M. - 10:00 P.M.,and10:00 A.M. - 10:00 P.M. on Tuesdays, Wednes- days, Thursdays, and Fridays. The silk- screening printing facilities add ano- ther dimension to the centre and in February, photographs by some of the regulars will be exhibited in the Vanier Library. It is hoped such expansion will continue.

They decided not to design a habit for their order, but rather to adopt the ordinary female dress of the day. During the ensuing decades however, that peasant dress had become their habit. So, in 1968, when Sister Clare and others decided to adopt ordinary street dress, they were actually fol- lowing an old idea for their order. The habit was a valuable protection for some, though, she said. ‘‘Mission- ary sisters were recognized as such and accorded respect because of it."’ But many times it was only a hinder- ance, making friendship a difficult thing. She feels that her “civilian clothes” make it easier in the initial stages to work with young people. . “Once we get to know each other, no matter how we're dressed, all barriers disappear,” she confided. The young people around her agree.

Campus Ministry Daily Eucharist 12:05 p.m.

Monday, Wednesday and Friday— College Chapel Tuesday and Thursday Hingston Hall Chapel

TUESDAY, JANUARY 23 Varsity Hockey

Bishop vs. Loyola

Time: 8:00 P.M.

Place: Rink Athletic Complex

Modern Language Department presents Two Spanish plays: Fando Y Lis & Te Juro Juana Time: 8:00 P.M.

Place: F. C. Smith Auditorium Everyone is invited

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24 Kibbutz System in Israel Guest Speaker: Ben Orr Time: 12:00 noon - 1:00 P.M. Place: Vanier Auditorium

Health Education Lecture: V.D. “Syphillis, It’s Different’ Time: 7:30 P.M.

Place: Vanier Auditorium


Business Annual Report Display Sponsored by: Loyola Investment Club Guest Speaker: Will Drouin, Vice-President, Marketing,

Lauzier Paper Co.

Place: Vanier Auditorium

Loyola Film Series:

Devi (The Goddess)

Time: 7:30 P.M.

Place: F. C. Smith Auditorium Admission: 75c Students $1.50 Non-students


Women’s Varsity Basketball:

Bishop vs. Loyola

Time: 5:00 P.M.

Place: Gymnasium Athletic Complex

Varsity Hockey:

Sir George Williams University vs. Loyola

Time: 8:00 P.M.

Place: Rink Athletic Complex

Le Citron Discotheque Time: 8:30 P.M. Place: Student Canteen

Our picture shows the architect's impression of the new Loyola Student Campus Centre, currently under con-

struction between the Vanier Library and the Cafe- teria. The 24,000 dquare feet building, which is expected to be in full operation by next September, will house

Happenings at Loyola

Le Citron Discotheque Time: 8:30 p.m. - 1:30 a.m. Place: Student Canteen

“The Fredian Man and The Christian Man”

(a philosophical evaluation of the Freudian anthropology)

A conference with Father L. M. Regis,

Profesor Emeritus at the University of Montreal

Date: Monday, January 29, 1973 Time: 8:00 P.M.

Place: F. C. Smith Auditorium


Raven Productions & The Loyola English Dept. present

Maxim Mazumdar (courtesy of Actor's Equity) and Janet Hickey in

“The Smallest Unit is A Pair” (Aspects of loveand marriage through the ages)

Excerpts from the works of Shakespeare, Importance of Being Earnest, The Cricible, Restoration Comedy, and others.

Time: 8:00 P.M.

Place: Vanier Auditorium

Admission: $2.00

(For reservations call English Dept.)

SATURDAY, JANUARY 27 Varsity Hockey

Trois Rivieres vs. Loyola

Time: 1:00 P.M.

Place: Rink Athletic Complex

Junior Varsity Hockey Université de Quebec vs. Loyola Time: 3:30 P.M.

Place: Rink Athletic Complex

SUNDAY, JANUARY 28 Spiritual Discourse: Satsang Time: 2:00 - 5:00 P.M. Place: Vanier Auditorium


Guest Lecturer: Charles Brant

Dept. of Anthropology and Sociology Sir George Williams University

will speak on

Northern Native Educational Experience.

Transcendental Meditation Time: 12:00 Noon Place: AD-511

Loyola’s new Student Campus Centre




through Feb. 6

Ps § % ~

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 31 Health Education Leciure: Alcoholism

Time: 7:30 P.M.

Place: Vanier Auditorium

Women's Varsity Hockey Dawson vs. Loyola

Time: 6:45 P.M.

Place: Rink Athletic Complex

Loyola Film Series: Charulata Time: 7:30 P.M.

Place: F. C. Smith Auditorium Admission: Free

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 1 Canada Council Poetry Series: Frank Scott

Time: 8:15 P.M.

Place: Vanier Auditorium


Music Department Presents

A Jazz Concert “The Jazz Tradition’ featuring the Oxford St. Jazz Workshop Place: F. C. Smith Auditorium Admission: $1.00 non-students

75c Students with ID's.

Political Science Lecture Series: Mr. J. L. Delisle,

Director of Academic Relations Service,

Dept. of External Affairs, speaks on: The Role of the Canadian

Diplomat Abroad

Time: 10:00 A.M.

Place: AD-314

and “Turkey”

Time: 12:00 Noon

Place: AD-508


Guest Lecturer: Gail Valaskakis, Dept. of Communication Arts, Loyola College will speak on Native Oral Tradition and Music, Past and Present

Time: 7:00°P.M. - 9:30 P.M. Place: AD-314

Transcendental Meditation Time: 12:00 Noon Place: AD-511


Jean Vanier Film Series:

If you're Not There, you're Missed (on the Community at L'Arche in France)

Time: 12:00 Noon

Place: Vanier Auditorium Everyone is invited to attend. Varsity Basketball:

Loyola vs. Potsdam State

Time: 8:00 P.M.

Place: Gymnasium

a cafeteria, pub, student lounges, games and hobby rooms. Total cost of the project is in the region of $600,000. It is being financed by students and the


New at the Loyola bookstore

MOTHER WAS NOT A PERSON Compiled by Margaret Anderson Black Rose Books. $3.95

An anthology of writings by Montreal Women, and contributors include Mar- lene Dixon, Lise Fortier, M.D., Kather- ine Waters, Christine Garside, Lillian Reinblatt, and Mary Melfi.


Margaret Atwood

Anansi. $3.25

A book of criticism, a manifesto, and a collection of personal and subver- sive remarks about Canadian litero- ture.

SHMUCKS Seymour Blicker

McClelland & Stewart. $5.95

A contemporary study of confronta- tion and alienation, a brutal, brilliant and very funny novel.

NO BARS TO MANHOOD Daniel Berrigan, S.J. Bantam. $0.95

Explores Father Berrigan’s commit- ment to radicalism and traces the influence which brought him to the position he has taken as a man of action as well as a man of the cloth.


Collier Books. $1.50

Brings together the great primitive myths of creation, with a vivid com- mentary that explores their signifi- cance as an expression of cosmic orientation.


Hugh A. Dempsey

Hurtig, $8.95

In one shattering decade from 1875 to 1885, the great buffalo herds dis- appeared from Western North Ameri- ca, and the plains Indians who had depended on them for food, shelter, and clothing, were forced to become wards of the government. This book tells the story of how one Canadian tribe was led through years of haras- sment, starvation and subjucation by a wise and farsighted chief."




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The Loyola Happening is published bimonthly by Loyola of Montreal, Public Relations and Information Office, Room 233, Administration Building, 7141 Sherbrooke St. West, Montreal 262, Quebec. Telephone

482-0320 loc. 437-438-421.